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Spanish Subjunctive of the Day - July 10, 2015

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Hi everyone. Today we are going to cover adverbial clauses involving aunque which is a very useful and frequently used word to construct compound statements. Aunque may be translated to English as although, even though, even if. Note that in this particular use case, siquiera is an alternative to aunque.

The clause that follows can be in either indicative mood or subjunctive mood based on the attitude and conviction of the speaker making the declaration. When the subjunctive mood is used, the english translations usually use may or might to express the mood in English.

Structure:

{ Main clause } + aunque + { subordinate clause }

Examples:

Aunque no le gusta, lo haré - Even if he does not like it, I will do it (Indicative: I know he will not like it for sure)

Aunque no le guste, lo haré - Even if he may not like it, I will do it (Subjunctive: I are not sure if he would like it or not)

Aunque él tiene mucho dinero, no parece feliz - Although he has a lot of money, he does not seem happy. (Indicative: It is a proven fact that he is rich)

Aunque él tenga mucho dinero, no parece feliz - Although he has a lot of money, he does not seem happy. (Subjunctive: There is evidence that he is rich but we are not sure, we have no proof, so we are leaving the door open)

Iré a la fiesta esta noche aunque tengo mucho trabajo - I will go to the party tonight even though I have a lot of work (Indicative: I know I have a lot of work. There is no doubt about it)

Iré a la fiesta la semana que viene aunque tenga mucho trabajo - I will go to the party next week even though I might have a lot of work (Subjunctive: The expectation is that next week there will be a lot of work but it might not happen so)

Aunque algunas personas han sido opuestas a este proyecto, seguiremos como planeado. - Even if some people have been opposed to this project, we will continue as planned. (Indicative: There is at least one person against to the project. We do know that. More opposition does not really change anything)

Aunque toda gente haya sido opuestas a este proyecto, seguiremos como planeado - Even if everyone has been opposed to this project, we will continue as planned. (Subjunctive: We believe everyone is opposed but maybe not so, so leave the door open)

El profesor les dio unos minutos más a los alumnos para completar sus ensayos aunque no era necesario. - The teacher gave students a few minutes more to complete their essays even though it was not necessary (Indicative: We have high conviction that it was not necessary)

El profesor les dio unos minutos más a los alumnos para completar sus ensayos aunque no fuera necesario. - The teacher gave students a few minutes more to complete their essays even though it was not necessary (Subjunctive: We are not as absolute as the previous one)

Aunque ellos habían hablado por teléfono muchas veces, jamás se habían visto uno al otro - Even though they had talked by phone many times, they had never seen each other. (Indicative: High conviction that they talked many times)

Aunque ellos hubieran hablado por teléfono muchas veces, jamás se habían visto uno al otro antes - Even though they had talked/might have talked on the phone many times, they had never seen each other. (Subjunctive: Lower conviction)

Aunque sea difícil, voy a aprender el subjuntivo - Even though it may be difficult, I am going to learn subjunctive


Link to Spanish Subjunctive of the Day: July 9, 2015: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/9477507

3 years ago

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Link to Spanish Subjunctive of the Day - July 11, 2015: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/9506879

3 years ago
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