Is this related to the English word fatigue?
I'd guess not. The "-gue" in "fatigue" tells me it comes from French.
Yep, same word in French, it's the word created out of the adjective tired ( don't really know how to explain it )
According to Wiktionary, 'fattig' (and 'fåtøk' in Nynorsk) stems from Old Norse: fátœkr. There's no apparent link between that and 'fatigue', but it could be a possibility.
I thought the same
"Er du vs. er de" this sounds like a pain to make out....Is it that bad as I suspect it to be?
You should just learn the difference by listening to them a few times, then you should easily be able to recognize their differences.
I can do that now, after 2 years :) Granted the difference is really small, but discernible.
This is just a particularly bad audio example tbh.
I have some trouble pronouncing "fattige". Is the 'ge' silent?
It makes a small "j" sound I think. Really short. You could also treat it as a silent letter, a lax tongue transition from i to e will produce the same sound.
The 'g' is silent in Eastern Norwegian, but the 'e' isn't.
Nei, men det er jeg.