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https://www.duolingo.com/Metlieb

Swedish infinitives

Metlieb
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So I've been learning Swedish for a while now but I still can't always tell the infinitive form of a word from it's definitve form. I know that there are:

  1. Weak verbs with the a belonging to the root (tala - talar)
  2. Weak verbs with the a not belonging to the root (lesa - leser)
  3. Weak verbs with the root simultaneously being the infinitive (bo)
  4. Strong, irregular verbs.

So when I se a verb in it definite form, is there any way to tell its root or to which category it belongs? Or do I just have to learn it by heart?

Thanks in advance!

3 years ago

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Zmrzlina
Zmrzlina
Mod
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No, you can't tell if a verb is -ar or -er from the infinitive. It has to be learned by heart.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Metlieb
Metlieb
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Hm, okay. Still thanks a lot :)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Ceresz
Ceresz
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It might encourage you to know that some 80% of all verbs belong to the -ar group of verbs (Group 1). Perhaps it would be easier to learn the verbs in their imperative (i.e. commands) forms, seeing as -er verbs (Group 2) rid themselves of the infinitive ending -a in their imperative forms. Using your examples this would produce:

  • Att tala - To speak (infinitive)

  • Jag talar - I speak (present)

  • Tala! - Speak! (imperative)

  • Att läsa - To read (infinitive)

  • Jag läser - I read (present)

  • Läs! - Read! (imperative, without the -a)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/unfetteredferret
unfetteredferret
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is there a reliable list floating around the internet you could point us to btw?

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Ceresz
Ceresz
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Sadly, no. At least not as far as I know. The idea of teaching the imperative instead of the infinitive was just a thought. My advice to you would be to just treat every verb you learn as a regular -ar verb until you come across one that isn't. Of course, this only works if people correct you when you make a mistake. You might also try one of the following resources:

Verbix

Wiktionary list of Swedish strong and irregular verbs

If a verb isn't in the Verbix database or on Wiktionary, feel free to drop me a line and I'll do my best to get back to you.

Lycka till!

Good luck!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Arnauti
Arnauti
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What is the definite form of a verb?

3 years ago