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  5. "Li elektis la ekonomion kiel…

"Li elektis la ekonomion kiel temon de sia prelego."

Translation:He chose the economy as the subject of his lecture.

July 17, 2015



Why is it not "kiel la temon" if it means "as the subject"?

November 19, 2015


Aah I can't hear him properly

February 12, 2017


I'm not exactly sure how kiel works in this sentence. Does anyone have any input?

July 17, 2015


"as", "in the role of".

Other examples:

  • "Mi kiel via patro diras al vi, ke ..." = "I as your father tell you that ..."
  • Ni elektis lin kiel prezidenton = We elected him as (our) president
  • Mi laboras kiel instruisto = I work as a teacher (or) I work like a teacher (it could mean either)
July 17, 2015


Why in the second sentence does the word after "kiel" end in an accusative "-n"? In the first and third sentences, the word following "kiel" does not end in "-n". Please explain.

September 2, 2015


Because in the first sentence, "via patro" refers to "mi", which is in the nominative; in the second sentence, "prezidenton" refers to "lin", which is in the accusative; and "instruisto" refers to "mi", which is in the nominative.

Compare these two:

Mi elektis lin kiel prezidenton = I elected him as president = I elected him to be the new president
Mi elektis lin kiel prezidento = I as president elected him = I am the president, and in this capacity, I elected him (to some other post)

In the first case, "prezidenton" with accusative must refer to "lin" and so it's he who is the president; in the second case, "prezidento" with nominative must refer to "mi" and so it is I who is the president.

September 2, 2015


Could you use si to mean they, like a gender-neutral singular third person pronoun

June 8, 2017



si refers to the subject so it can't be the subject itself.

There are no widely-accepted gender-neutral third person singular pronouns in Esperanto, though there are various proposals (a bit like in English).

https://eo.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seksne%C5%ADtrala_homa_triapersona_pronomo has a big list of (some of) them.

June 13, 2017
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