"La bildo estas tre malnova."

Translation:The picture is very old.

July 18, 2015

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My first thought was: the building is very old.


My first thought was: the bird is very old.. I thought it was so weird to use malnova but not maljuna..


Is there a difference between malnova and maljuna?



Nova = new, juna = young. So malnova is the opposite of "new" and maljuna is the opposite of "young". English and German merge tham as "old / alt" but Esperanto keeps them separate (as does, for example, Turkish: eski = malnova, yaşlı = maljuna.)

At a first approximation, "malnova" is used for objects and "maljuna" for people.

But "malnova" can also be used for "old" in the sense of "former".

Mia malnova kuiristo = my old cook (the 19-year-old one I used to have before I fired him and employed a new cook)
Mia maljuna kuiristo = my old cook (the 72-year-old one who still works for me together with my young cook)


Tre bona respondo - dankon!


Very useful explanation. Thanks and have a lingot! :)


Philip Newton gosh I'm so happy that u exist and u're here. I really appreciate ur help <3 Dziękuję


Thank you so much for the indeoth reply this stuff helps me learn the language so much


There's also the word "olda", which, if I remember well, can mean both malnova and maljuna. I typed it sometimes here in Duolingo and it was accepted.


It's pretty much the same difference between neuf and nouveau in French, right?


bildo vs foto. What's the difference?


bildo - picture (in general); a representation of an object that was captured on film, painted by brush, drawn by pencil, etc. It could even be something carved out of wood, for example.

foto - a picture taken by photography, i.e. on film or digitally.

So all fotoj are bildoj, but not all bildoj are fotoj.


Ancient is wrong. Why?


"Ancient" can be seen as an extreme of "old", so maybe "MalnovEGa" would be more appropriate.


Bildo comes from the Swedish or Norwegian word "bilde", isn't it?


Much more likely from the German Bild.

German was a "thing" in central Europe in a way that Swedish and Norwegians weren't, and quite a few words in Esperanto come from German.

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