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https://www.duolingo.com/Le-trois

Adverbs + Word Order

Hello. Is there a rule for word order if an adverb os at the beginning of a sentence? For example: Zelfs & Eindelijk - both adverbs, but when placed at the start of the sentence then word order is treated differently: 1) zelfs het kind speelt (verb is after subject). 2) Eindelijk hebben wij hem (verb is now before subject). Do different adverbs get treated differently? How do we know which rule applies to which adverb. Or am I missing something entirely? By the way, sorry for the poor formatting of this question. Duolingo won't let me make a break/paragraph hence this block of text.

3 years ago

3 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/xMerrie
xMerrie
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Clever that you saw that! :) It's a great question.

Maybe known to you, in Dutch, the verb always comes second. So why is it in this case any different?

This is what I think:
For the word 'zelfs' it's a bit different, because the meaning of the sentence changes if you place it elsewhere.

  • Zelfs het kind speelt. - Even the child plays
  • Het kind speelt zelfs. - The child even plays

I think in the first sentence, 'zelfs' is more like a weird adjective, rather than an adverb, because it is not connected to the verb, but to a noun (the subject) instead.

Right now, I can't think about other words that behave like this as well; curse of being a native, I suppose... :P

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Susande
Susande
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Ook does (but I can't think of another one either). :)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/xMerrie
xMerrie
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Ah, that's right! Thanks! :)

3 years ago