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https://www.duolingo.com/WajeehaTahir

someone help me

WajeehaTahir
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what's the difference between yo soy and estoy

3 years ago

11 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Plyze

Think of yo soy describing who you are, for example, "Yo soy una persona", "I am a person".

Estoy would be used for things that are not always going to apply. For example, "Estoy enfermado", " I am ill". You will not always be ill, so estoy is used in this situation.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/WajeehaTahir
WajeehaTahir
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thanks

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/gabzerbinatoEng
gabzerbinatoEng
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The verb "ser" is used for essential qualities and professions:
- Yo soy un hombre (I am a man);
- Yo soy escritor (I am a writer);

The verb "estar" is used for changeable conditions (like feelings or ongoing actions):
- Estoy cansado (I'm tired);
- Estoy caminando (I am walking);

Both correspond to the verb "to be", but they are very different. Be careful when using them, you might have some communication problems if you use the wrong verb.

edit: changed "permanent conditions" to "essencial qualities", thanks to superdaisy for the tip :D

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/superdaisy

Interestingly, the "permanent vs changeable" is sort of falling out of favor with Spanish teachers because it leads to so many misconceptions! "Changeable" still is a pretty good umbrella for estar, but ser is now being described as "essential qualities." This is a nice rundown. Obviously, use whatever works for you, but the more references and ways to think about it, the better, right?

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/WajeehaTahir
WajeehaTahir
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thanks very helpful info

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/gabzerbinatoEng
gabzerbinatoEng
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Sorry for the wrong technichal words, I still have a hard time when trying to explain this to others, since it is natural to me. Thanks!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/superdaisy

Oh, I totally learned "permanent" vs "changeable" in high school. You're not wrong, it's just that teachers are taking a different approach to teaching it now because it's very common to still be confused. It's a recent shift, and one that might be useful to learners today. Your examples and explanation were accurate and clear.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Candy1973

Pretty much what I learned this past year in my high school class.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/WajeehaTahir
WajeehaTahir
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thanks

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/superdaisy

Both mean "I am". The difference is that "soy" uses "ser" and "estoy" uses "estar."

It's a pretty important difference and one that takes practice and experimentation to grasp. This page is a really good start.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/WajeehaTahir
WajeehaTahir
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thanks

3 years ago