How am I supposed to know the difference between "ist" and "isst" in oral communication? I wrote "He is slow" instead of "He eats slowly" because I thought I had heard "Er ist langsam". :(
As individual words, "ist" and "isst" are pronounced completely identically.
In the sentence you mentioned, though, "is" is not stressed but "eats" can be -- "Er ist lángsam" vs. "Er ísst lángsam" (but could also be "Er isst lángsam" - no difference in pronunciation from "Er ist lángsam" - only context can tell).
Correct. A lot of adjectives can be used adverbially in German- groß, schnell, gesund and langsam to name a few.
How come when it says " Er isst langsam" it says Im wrong saying " he is slow
Above is correct.
"Er isst" means "he is eating,"
"Er ist" means "he is."
Because "isst" and "ist" are pronounced identically, some German speakers drop the "t" sound from "ist."
Yes, I misread "isst" as "ist", and put "He is slow". Duolinbgo "corrected" me to "He eats slow". That is just wrong in English. The word is an adverb here, and the adverb in English is "slowly". ("Slow" is an adjective).
isst and esst shout have the same meaning
They do, in the sense that "am" and "is" have the same meaning -- they're both forms of the same verb.
But you can't say "I is" or "he am" -- and you can't say er esst or ihr isst. You have to use the verb form that matches the subject.
This might be a dumb question, but.. If 'Langsam' is 'Slowly', and 'Lang' is 'long', then how do you spell, or say, 'SLOW' in German?
how do you spell, or say, 'SLOW' in German?
Same word as "slowly", in other words.
Nearly all German adjectives can be used as adverbs in this way, just by taking the stem of the adjective (without any ending).
For example, Er tanzt gut. "He dances well."
Many Germans make mistakes in English because of this and say things such as "He dances good".
Because in English, adverbs of manner (e.g. slowly, quickly, thoroughly) usually go at the end. There can be exceptions for emphasis - e.g. 'I am slowly waking up' - but this sentence is not one of them.
For a second it didn't make sense when I tried to type "His food is slow" and then I thought, it might be an adverb here and then I burst into laughter when I got it right.
Yo Alexa, play Despacito.