How similiar are Russian and Ukrainian languages?
Привет, я Shady из Египта, I wanted to know how similarity between Russian language and Ukrainian language?! благодаря
If you know one of the languages fluently, you will be able to understand about 50% of the speech/text in another one without a special training.
This number can rise up to 70-90% rate, if you have a solid vocabulary base (60k+ words) in one the languages and have experience of passive exposition to the other language.
Obviously they are quite close being in the same language group, however they aren't as close as most people think. A good example was a conference with Putin and former Ukrainian President Yushchenko where Yushchenko spoke Ukrainian and Putin needed a translator to understand him.
From the extremely limited knowledge I have of Russian and Ukrainian, I would say they are similar. There are some words I recognise from both, or that are similar. For example: любить (Russian) and любити (Ukrainian) both mean love, however if you say 'I love', in both languages it is: я люблю.
They are both East Slavic languages, which distinguishes them from other languages, like Serbian which is South Slavic, or Polish which is West Slavic.
Ukrainian and Russian are similar, but different languages.
1) These have many equivalent words. (нога-leg, рука-arm, зуб-tooth, голос-voice, ручка-pen, звук-sound ...)
2) But in spite of this, there are many words, that write or pronounce similar as Ukrainian as Russian, but have different meanings. (скінчився(укр.)-finished, скончался(р.)-died; знаходиться(укр.)-find, находится(p.)-locate; фамілія(укр.)-ancestry,origin,genealogy,family, фамилия(р.)-last name, любий(укр.)-dear, любой(р.)-every,any ...)
3) And also there are many words, that have different writing and prononciation. Укр. - р. - eng: ганчірка - тряпка - rag, тиск - давление - pressure, запобіжник - предохранитель - fuse, вірш - стих - verse, місто - город - city, місце - место - place, вибух - взрыв - explosion, кат - палач - executioner ...
Therefore, if you studied only one language (no matter Ukrainian or Russian) it may be very hard for you to understand other language.