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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Shoda_Fayez

How similiar are Russian and Ukrainian languages?

Привет, я Shady из Египта, I wanted to know how similarity between Russian language and Ukrainian language?! благодаря

July 22, 2015

14 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/It-is-Magic

If you know one of the languages fluently, you will be able to understand about 50% of the speech/text in another one without a special training.

This number can rise up to 70-90% rate, if you have a solid vocabulary base (60k+ words) in one the languages and have experience of passive exposition to the other language.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/greg.mort

You can compare them like Spanish and Italian or Spanish and Portuguese


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Shoda_Fayez

Very similar but, not the same. If I will learn Ukranian, Will I know Russian or at least understand it?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/greg.mort

You will understand some Russian. Knowing Ukrainian doesn't make you fluent in Russian but it does help tremendesly, it's one of the closest related languages to Ukrainian.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/R.White

Not really. For a foreigner it's more difficult to get use of the mentioned similarity, imho


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/podolski93

Obviously they are quite close being in the same language group, however they aren't as close as most people think. A good example was a conference with Putin and former Ukrainian President Yushchenko where Yushchenko spoke Ukrainian and Putin needed a translator to understand him.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Erchenswine

From the extremely limited knowledge I have of Russian and Ukrainian, I would say they are similar. There are some words I recognise from both, or that are similar. For example: любить (Russian) and любити (Ukrainian) both mean love, however if you say 'I love', in both languages it is: я люблю.

They are both East Slavic languages, which distinguishes them from other languages, like Serbian which is South Slavic, or Polish which is West Slavic.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EasyX

But i will have the different stressing for the "я люблю". "Я лЮблю" for Ukrainian and "Я люблЮ" for Russian.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Shady_arc

Actually, Russian любить and Ukrainian любити have the same stress in all forms I can think of.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EasyX

My bad. Looking through my comment now i do not know why i decided that. Probably i perverted my Ukrainian pronunciation a bit because of Western Ukrainian dialect influence. P.S. I am Ukrainian-Russian bilingual.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizail

Ukrainian and Russian are similar, but different languages.

1) These have many equivalent words. (нога-leg, рука-arm, зуб-tooth, голос-voice, ручка-pen, звук-sound ...)

2) But in spite of this, there are many words, that write or pronounce similar as Ukrainian as Russian, but have different meanings. (скінчився(укр.)-finished, скончался(р.)-died; знаходиться(укр.)-find, находится(p.)-locate; фамілія(укр.)-ancestry,origin,genealogy,family, фамилия(р.)-last name, любий(укр.)-dear, любой(р.)-every,any ...)

3) And also there are many words, that have different writing and prononciation. Укр. - р. - eng: ганчірка - тряпка - rag, тиск - давление - pressure, запобіжник - предохранитель - fuse, вірш - стих - verse, місто - город - city, місце - место - place, вибух - взрыв - explosion, кат - палач - executioner ...

Therefore, if you studied only one language (no matter Ukrainian or Russian) it may be very hard for you to understand other language.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/msgur

I am a native Russian speaker, I have never studied Ukrainian language but I can understand Ukrainian though I don't know meaning all ukrainian words . The grammar is the same


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EasyX

It is similar but not the same


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/R.White

Written is quite similar, sounds different enough, and off course grammar varies. So I want to say they're not that much similar if you learn one as a foreigner

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