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Cherokee Basics 1

Previous lesson –> https://www.duolingo.com/comment/9695533

Cherokee pronouns are a bit complicated. For instance, there are two types of classes of pronouns to use depending on the verb type. For right now I will only show you the first person "A" class. These are the example types of pronouns in 1st person...

1st Person Singular “I”

1st Person Dual Inclusive “I and You”

1st Person Dual Exclusive “I and Him/Her”

1st Person Plural Inclusive “I and You and Him/Her”

1st Person Plural Exclusive “I and Them”

To determine the pronoun syllable, it depends on the root of the verb and the pronominal prefix.

<h1>A Class</h1>

First Person Prenominal Prefixes

I : g- or ji-

I & You : in- or ini-

I & Him/Her : osd- or osdi-

I & You & Him/Her : id- or idi-

I & Them (not including **you) : oj- or oji-

To go conjugation

In Cherokee, a verb must contain as a minimum, a pronominal prefix, a verb root, an aspect suffix, and a modal suffix.

The pronominal prefix for singular I, is g-

The verb root for "to go" is e:

The aspect suffix for this verb is -g

The modal suffix to show that this is in present tense is -a

Now put it all together it creates gega.

And now find out the sounds to spell gega.

There is a sound for "ge" which is Ꭸ.

Now the sound for "ga" is Ꭶ

Piece that together you get ᎨᎦ.

ᎨᎦ translates to I go.

July 23, 2015



Thank you so much for getting this started! I did a summer internship on the Eastern Cherokee Nation, but was too busy to learn more than a couple of words. Not even enough to construct a whole sentence.


My pleasure! I hope I help!!

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I'm not sure I understand what grammatical "aspect" is. Is that the difference between, for example, "I eat" and "I am eating" in English?


An aspect suffix is the expression of location in time, and mood or modality.

  • 50

Oh man... I think I need to take remedial grammar...

  • 50

Wow, the pronouns... it's so interesting that there are distinctions for what constitutes just "we" in English. This is great! Thanks for posting!

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