As far as I understand it, that would mean that she is not eating any lunch. The sentence says she is NOT eating lunch. It's not the same thing.
Both words can be correct IF they're used in the correct context. "Ich esse KEIN Mittagessen" is proper German, however if you mean to use NICHT, you should be saying "Ich esse NICHT zu Mittag," which also means "I don't eat lunch." The catch with "Ich esse NICHT zu Mittag" is that you are essentially saying "I do not eat" (which is a sentence by itself) the "zu Mittag" is an addition "for lunch."
Basically, whenever there is a noun directly in the sentence, you should use KEIN.
This sentence weirdes me out. "Ich esse nicht zu Mittag" or "Ich esse kein Mittagessen" would be proper. -Native speaker.
Really, the way the sentence is right now is incorrect. "Nicht" is placed after the direct object, so it should be: "Die Frau isst Mittagessen nicht."
Isn't the sentence structure more like this: .. nicht adjective .. .. verb nicht ..
instead of : noun nicht
I felt the same way! Glad to know I'm on the right track, even as a beginner.
So far Duolingo has used nicht for negatives, but I recall being encouraged to use "kein" when possible...Is "Die Frau isst kein Mittagessen" the same in meaning? Which is more "German"? Thanks.
If you are interested to hear a more detailed explanation of when to use "nicht" and when to use "kein", here it is: I've just looked this up in my German textbook. It says that "kein" is used if you are negating a noun preceded by an indefinite article (a form of "ein") or no article at all, and "nicht" is used before the name of a person or if you are negating a noun preceded by a definite article (der, die, das, or a personal pronoun). For example, if someone had asked "Isst die Frau Mittagessen?", one could answer "Nein, die Frau isst kein Mittagessen." (Is the woman eating [any] lunch? No, the woman is not eating any lunch.) On the other hand, if someone asked "Isst die Frau das Mittagessen?" one would answer "Nein, die Frau isst nicht Mittagessen." (Is the woman eating [the] lunch? No, the woman is not eating [the] lunch.) All this being said, the first example (Isst die Frau Mittagessen? Nein, die Frau isst kein Mittagessen.) sounds better in German. The second example would really only be used if someone has made a special lunch and someone wants to know if the woman is eating it. I know this was a rather long post, but I hope it is helpful and not too confusing.
thanks a lot..
how does one say "she doesn't eat lunch"? google translate says "sie nicht essen Mittag." Is it right?
"Sie isst nicht Mittagessen." What Google gave you says literally, "They not eat noon." If "she" is the subject, "isst" must be the verb; if you want to use "sie" for "they" then "essen" would work. Also, I think I read that "nicht" is usually after the verb in German.
Don't use Google Translate for full phrases. (It's fine for single word meanings.) Computers aren't so great at translating human languages, thus DuoLingo's reason for being.
That's terrible advice. Use an English-German dictionary for single words and read the definitions and try to determine which word works best in context. You should never use Google Translate for single words--only complete phrases or sentences.
Google Translate does a pretty good job, but with only a single word it can only make a random guess. It needs context to be able to determine meaning and idioms.
"she doesn't eat lunch" is a poorly written English sentence and Google Translate (for some strange reason) gives "sie nicht essen Mittag". But "she doesn't eat lunch." gives "sie nicht essen Mittagessen" and giving a complete, properly capitalized and punctuated sentence "She doesn't eat lunch." produces "Sie hat nicht zu Mittag essen." which is a correct translation [of "lunch"].
Without the benefit of understanding, computer-aided tools need to be provided the most complete, correct information possible.
If you don't have a favorite online English-German dictionary, http://dict.leo.org/ is my favorite.
Duolingo won't let me reply to you, Karanbir, maybe the thread is too deep. The proper translation is probably "Sie isst nicht zu Mittag". It's not "gegessen haben" because that would be past tense and the sentence is in simple present tense, which I assume Google was trying to keep. You're right, though, the computer-translated sentence still has errors. When you click the translation, you can choose from alternatives for certain phrases. Google keeps track of how humans correct its translations and it learns over time.
Google translator can be helpful, but is not reliable and needs to be double-checked.
Nice explanation, but I think you meant to write "Nein, die Frau isst nicht das Mittagessen" for the example that uses "nicht"... Right?
Danke dir. I would be very happy if some one suggest the position of the nicht.
Some times it come at the start of the sentence, some times at the end of the sentence and some times in the middle of the sentence.
Is there any grammar rule for nicht?
To answer your first and simpler question, "nicht" means "not", whereas "kein" means "not any". In this exercise, they use "nicht" because they want to say that the woman is not eating (or does not eat) lunch, and not that the woman does not eat ANY lunch. To answer your second question, I think one would be more likely to say "Die Frau isst kein Mittagessen."
My suggestion for teaching this word and THIS lesson and this type of vocabulary.
Mitt=Middle/Mid Tag=Day Essen=eat
Mittagessen=Mid+Day+Eat=Lunch or really Mid Day Meal.
Many times in German there are these run in's so why not teach the applicable Vocabulary that exists WITH IN the WORD!
"Das Essen" means "meal" or "food," not "eat", which is the verb "essen". That's why "der Mittag" (noon) + "das Essen" (meal) means "das Mittagessen" (midday meal; lunch).
I should have corrected and not been so lazy "really Mid Day Meal."
I think the point I was making though is that it is more efficient to teach all of the words that comprise a single word within the Lesson that introduces the word.
Sometimes it's useful to know the different elements, but compound words aren't always the sum of their parts! So it can be easy to get caught up in this. I always want to say "Mittagsessen" because I think of the midday's meal. But of course that's wrong. :)
While we surely went over these kind of compounds in German class, the format that Duolingo uses doesn't seem to be very conducive to it. So I think you're right that it's a useful thing to recognize and be aware of compounds but I'm not sure how it'd work in practice.
Good points made!!
I just add the "extra" words into my Anki Flash Cards. My attitude is just that it is better to learn it sooner as opposed to later and it seems an efficient use of my time.
I was told today that a German person would not say " Ich esse Mittagessen", rather they would say " Ich habe Mittagessen" I am little confused, is the sentence here is used in real life?
Nobody would say "Ich habe Mittagessen". Normally you say "Ich esse mein Mittagessen." (I eat my lunch.) or "Ich esse zu mittag." (I eat lunch.) -> I'm a native speaker.
What does putting the "zu" in front of mittag mean in your example "Ich esse zu Mittag"?
"zu" carries more of a sense of "for" here instead, like "I'm eating for midday" - but it's just that prepositions' behaviours can vary across languages. "to" can sometimes carry a sense of "for" in English too, but nowhere near as much as German.
Yeah, but it's not okay if they accept 'wife' for 'Frau' in previous lessons and now only 'lady' and 'woman'...
My German girlfriend says that your statement is true. She always complain when I tell her "Du bist meine Frau", When I just want to say that she is my woman.
Shouldn't "nicht" come at the end of the sentence? It is the correct syntax, right? Or should we use "kein" ?
How do you differentiate between "the woman is not eating lunch" and "the woman doesn't eat lunch"? I.e. if someone says this sentence to you in real life how do you know whether they mean today or in general?
I just have a question thzt popped out with this exercise. In German, for instance "Ich esse" the present tense is equal to either the present (I eat) or present continuous (I am eating) in English?
I've found one other easier-in-German thing so far: adverbs. It seems you can just grab any old adjective and plug it straight in as an adverb -- no crazy endings required! :)
Mitt=Middle/Mid Tag=Day Essen=Meal/Food
Mittagessen=Mid+Day+Meal=Lunch or really Mid Day Meal.
wow, i missed the seacond T from Mittagessen, so i lost a heart! this is my seacond time seeing the word!
ist and isst dont mean the same but my statement " Die Frau ist nicht Mittagessen" was adjudged correct
But "Die Frau isst nicht Mittagessen" sounds like "The woman is eating not lunch." That doesn't make any sense. Isn't it supposed to be "Die Frau isst Mittagessen nicht'? Isn't "eating lunch" a direct object....?
WTH!!!! Just in previous question I wrote ' die frau ist kein mittagessen' and it was a right answer, now duolingo gave me the same sentence but with different negation ' nicht instead of kein' and it is a right answere too,,, I am lost!!!
What about "Die Frau isst Mittagessen nicht." is that allowed? Because if I recall correctly sentence patterns in German are more lenient than in English.
I taught "i don't eat fruit"="Obst esse ich nicht" And "Ich esse nicht Obst" is incorrect. Then why the answer of this is "Die Frau isst nicht Mittagessen"?
That's exactly what I heard, and i wasn't worried that duo was gunna go on a cannabilism streak.
Yeah.. someone thought it was a good idea to include this sentence in its current form with its current translation. Why?!
some of these translations get's so very weird when you translate them first from german to english and then to swedish ....which i have to do... since i'm swedish
Does anyone have trouble with this app not hearing them? I said it exactly like the app said and it doesn't like the way I speak apparently.
I keep switching up nicht and nacht! Thought nacht Mittagessen was some kind of night-lunch. Dangit.
Im just annoyed that there have been multiple times where i am saying the sentence exactly how the app is yet its counted incorrect.
This is the second exercise with the word Mittagessen that it says I am saying incorrectly. Anyone elsr have a problem with this word?