"Bonan matenon, kara!"

Translation:Good morning, dear!

July 25, 2015



Learning Esperanto has made me realise how little understanding I have of English grammar.

October 23, 2016


When would you use "kara"? Is it just for informal friends or can you use it with strangers as well, for example walking on the street and saying good morning to someone?

April 24, 2017


i'm really not too sure, so i wouldn't go by my advice before checking with someone else, but to me it seems like "dear" is meant for a loved one.... like a spouse/child/good friend. i wouldn't ever call a stranger dear

June 12, 2017


Why is good "bonan" when morning is singular?

July 25, 2015


"Bona mateno" = a good morning (as the subject of a verb)

"Bonan matenon" = a good morning (as the object of a verb)

It is singular but in the accusative case. (Plural would be "bonaj matenoj" in the nominative or "bonajn matenojn" in the accusative.)

-n is the case marker for accusative; -j is the number marker for plural.

"Bonan matenon" is in the accusative here because it's an expression that's short for something like "(I wish you) a good morning", so it's the object of an implied verb.

July 25, 2015


Thanks, I have been wondering for a while why all those greetings end on -on.

July 26, 2015


Yes, "Bonan matenon/tagon/vesperon/nokton", also "dankon", "bonan apetiton", and others.

Same in German, incidentally: "(ich w√ľnsche dir einen) guten Morgen/Tag/Abend/Appetit".

July 26, 2015


But it's also Gute Nacht. What's up with that?

December 23, 2015


"Nacht" is feminine, "Tag/Morgen/Abend/Appetit" are masculine.

And the feminine accusative looks like the feminine nominative, so you can't tell that it's accusative, but it still is :)

December 23, 2015


Now it's starting to show similarities to Polish isn't it

May 6, 2018


I got it wrong because I thought kara was a name!

March 18, 2018
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