Siyah ve Kara?
What is the difference again between those colors?.
As I understand it, "kara" is the native Turkish word but "siyah" is used nowadays (and "kara", when it is used, is more like "dark").
Similarly with "beyaz" (loanword, common) versus "ak" (native word, more rare), or "kırmızı" (loanword, common) versus "al" (native word, more rare).
exactly. And although those words are synonyms, the usage of "native" words is quite limited. I would say they are more commonly used for things about nature, e.g. plants, animals, body parts etc and when we make them stronger (not taught in this course, but for example KAPKARA (very very black/dark), APAK (very very white/clean)). It is really weird to use ak/kara/al for clothes/furniture etc. But it is fine to say kara kedi/kaş/saç/göz, al dudak/elma/yanak, ak saç etc.