Why is the bir before Alman?
I thought bir was suppose to be the last of the modifiers. In Turkish it's literally "large a dog" or " pretty a girl", so why not "German a citizen"?
An answer to a different question below points out that it's a noun-noun compound, as opposed to an adjective and a noun
Why is er an extra ı? The suffix for you are is just -sIn, right?
This is a noun-noun compound, in which the second noun gets a third-person possessive suffix.
Alman: a German
vatandaş: a citizen
Alman vatandaşı: a German citizen
Alman vatandaşısın: you are a German citizen.
Is it optional to put 'bir' into the sentence? Can I say: Sen Alman bir vatandaşısın?
hi :) i'm not sure how old this is but when using "bir", like explained above for a noun +noun compound, the "bir" comes before the first noun making it "bir Alman vatandaşı(...)".
hope that helps
So many things to remember!!!
Ahh! Now I understand! Thank you!
How would you say this with the formal you, siz?
Siz bir Alman vatandaşısınız.
There are many contradictions. Depending on the country, Duolingo wants bir to be first before country and other times to be after.