Why is the bir before Alman?
I thought bir was suppose to be the last of the modifiers. In Turkish it's literally "large a dog" or " pretty a girl", so why not "German a citizen"?
An answer to a different question below points out that it's a noun-noun compound, as opposed to an adjective and a noun
Why is er an extra ı? The suffix for you are is just -sIn, right?
This is a noun-noun compound, in which the second noun gets a third-person possessive suffix.
Alman: a German
vatandaş: a citizen
Alman vatandaşı: a German citizen
Alman vatandaşısın: you are a German citizen.
Is it optional to put 'bir' into the sentence? Can I say: Sen Alman bir vatandaşısın?
hi :) i'm not sure how old this is but when using "bir", like explained above for a noun +noun compound, the "bir" comes before the first noun making it "bir Alman vatandaşı(...)".
hope that helps
Ahh! Now I understand! Thank you!
How would you say this with the formal you, siz?
Siz bir Alman vatandaşısınız.