I do not know of any. Except for Esperanto obviously. It is fairly strange and I bet when actually talking to someone using the adjective-verb I will have to stop and think for a second, but I reckon it actually does make the language more fluent and easier since you need fewer words, especially getting rid of the dreadful 'estas' which I do not like a lot (Don't like it in any language)
I actually came over this after posting:
> "East Asian languages may have had some influence on the development of Esperanto grammar after its creation. The principally cited candidate is the replacement of predicate adjectives with verbs, such as la ĉielo bluas (the sky is blue) for la ĉielo estas blua and mia filino belu! (may my daughter be beautiful!) for the mia filino estu bela! mentioned above."
So it probably comes from some sort of east asian language :/