So how could you tell them apart?. Suppose you're talking to a parent whose kids are reading books and there's a woman over there also with her kids. So how can you refer to each one?
It can cause problems. I had a situation like this. I was talking to the teacher about some classmates and I said they did so and so and she was shocked because she thought I was referring to her. Better be careful :D
Would it be better to just always specify "the kids, they", or " the woman, she" instead of how english speakers use "they" for everyrhing?
Even in English, whether speaking or writing, the use of a possessive pronoun without introducing a clear antecedent can lead to confusion. Perhaps you've met someone who has a habit of starting a conversation without any antecedent or context to what it is he or she is telling you and you've had to stop them and ask, "Who are you talking about?"
It is difficult to derive much context from a sentence such as "Ihre Kinder lesen Bücher," but fortunately, duolingo accepts a variety and multitude of different answers.
To answer your question more directly, you could just get more descriptive about who it is you're talking about. A person usually has some detail that is distinguishing. For example
Do you see the woman wearing a hat?
Siehst du die Frau trägt einen Hut?
Do you see the woman wearing a dress?
Siehst du die Frau trägt ein Kleid?
Do you see the woman with a book?
Siehst du die Frau mit einem Buch?
Upon which you could follow up with
Ihre Kinder lesen Bücher.
Hope that was helpful in some way.
Really lovely, but I am affraid that these examples are not good in German language. You can say: Siehst du die Frau, welche trägt... or Siehst du die Frau mit einem Hut? etc. You cannot translate English form: "woman wearing..." literally into German.
This post isn't a reply, but I thought it would help those who get here to see the following closer to the top of the post than scroll all the way to the bottom (which some may or may not do).
Notice that one of the possessive pronouns is capitalized.
Thank you. I mean it's easy to find a chart of this kind somewhere on the net but it's awesome to come across this in the comments.
Thanks for this. I realize Duolingo has a great way to get me speaking, but sometimes rote memorization works better for me. Thanks again.
Just so you know, @Amy91436, @nova46 kindly pointed out to me that my original chart contained an error ("sein" was listed for "her" and "ihr" was listed for "it"). The chart was corrected and uploaded with the corrected version Friday, March 25, 2016 @ 6:40 PM, Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).
Oh, thanks Lisa. Very helpful, and great timing, since I'd only saved it & not yet printed. Thanks again
Why "Her children are reading books" is not correct here? Anyone can help please?!
It wants you to type exactly what you hear, not the translation of what you hear.
- Ihre = her, their or your (formal)
- deine= your (singular, informal)
- eure = your (plural, informal)
Please explain me about all these pronouns Ihr=her Ihr=you (plural) Ihr=their (from google translate) Ihre=her ??? Ihre=your Ihre=their ??? I am really really confused. Ihr Kinder lesen= Her kids read??????? Ihr Kinder lesen=Their kids read?????? Ihre Kinder lesen=Her kids read?????? Also please explain about the feminine thing (IhrE/Ihr) and eure (du->dein, ihr->ihre,Sei(you formal)->?) Thank you earlier
I think that deine is used for plural and dein is used for singular, please correct me if I am wrong.
If I am not mistaken, diene for plural and female gender while dien for singular, masculine and neutral
>diene for plural and female gender while dien for singular, masculine and neutral
wahyuprata2, you had two typos in your answer. The word is spelled, "dein" or "deine". I'm sure you knew that, but thought I should mention it here, to clarify it for other students.
wahyuprata2 is right about "dein" and "deine"--if it is being used in the nominative case. If it's accusative, the ending for a masculine word changes to deinen. If it's dative, the endings for all 3 genders and the plural change. And we haven't learned genitive, yet.
I recommend a website that has a good explanation of this, and it has tables that are easy to read, and it has a quiz at the bottom to practice (the answers are at the bottom.) I've found this site to be very helpful.
Okay, so let me get this straight:
As far as I know the
possesive pronouns (inflected as nominative, masculine) go -
my = mein
your = dein, Ihr (formal)
his, her, its = sein, ihr, sein
our = unser
your = euer
their = ihr
And then you just have to determine the ending according to the case and gender?
Why does it not list 'your children are reading books' as an alternative translation?
It is an accepted translation. Note that not all accepted translations are displayed.
how can you realize between her,your,their when you see "ihr" or "ihre"...its really confusing...
It is only 'you' when it is 'Ihr..' with capital I. Of course that doesn't help at the beginning of a sentence. For the rest it is context. If no context is given then any of them should be accepted, taking the capital I into account.
I thought this lesson was about pronouns and demonstrative pronouns, but isen't this a sentence in the possessive pronouns?
Does anyone know if you can do the German alphabet on here?
It is confusing for me to know when is it read and when is it reading! Any tips?
No, it's Kinder. http://german.about.com/od/grammar/a/PluralNounsWithEREndings.htm
So 'Ihre' can mean 'her', 'their' and 'your (sing formal)', but how would you know which one is the right meaning if the verb is in plural form? If I see 'lesen' I automatically assume the subject is 'we' or 'they' and since I was given 'Ihre' I assumed the subject would be 'they', but it wasn't. It was translated as 'her'. Then again, if the phrase had been 'Ihre Kind liest', I wouldn't have known either, because it could mean 'Your/Their/Her child is reading', so it's not just a plural verb issue.
PS: I know this is a listening exercise, but I wanted to ask, just in case this appears in a written transcription exercise.
Without context you cannot know. The verb here is in plural because 'Kinder' is plural, it has nothing to do with the meaning of 'Ihre'. By the way, when Ihre is in the middle of the sentence you can discriminate between 'her/their' and 'your' on the capital letter. Also you say 'your (sing formal)', but plural formal is also possible. And finally, also in English you don't know whether 'your' is singular or plural.
Why can you use 'eure' and 'ihre' for 'your'? Also, how does 'ihr' differ from 'ihre'?
Why is it ihre here? Is there a rule? I know that her is ihr, but what rules does it follow to make it ihre?
here 'kinder ' is neuter so why DL uses 'ihre 'instead of' when 'ihre' is used with feminine words. Any one explain, Bitte!
Ihre is used for feminine words, yes, but it's also used for plurals. Remember, this is just how "die" (meaning "the") is also used for both feminine and plural.
I typed in "liesen", meaning "reading/are reading" when "lesen" was the word. I had a typo, but it said that I was incorrect. Any solutions?
I have a doubt about the pronoun IHRE: the suggested translation reported is HER, THEIR and YOUR. But for "your" (plural) the translation is not EURE?
Her children are reading books. Their children are reading books. Your children are reading books. (You formal - singular or plural).
How do I know if it's 'your' or 'her' both are acceptable answers but is there a way to distinguish one from the other?
This has always confused me. Ihr means your (formal), her and their? How do you know which it means? There wasnt enough context in this example to know, which seems silly for an exercise. Seems silly for a super efficient language like German to have such a confusing pronoun.
If the sentence meant "Her children are reading books" would Lesen not change to Lest? Because of the conjugation e.g Wir Lesen, Ihr Lest ?
No, because "lest" would only be with the "Ihr" that means you (plural)/y'all/youze.
I understand how the speaker icon works but I was wondering if someone can pronounce it phonetically. To me it sounds like "boo-ya"
In order for me to tell you, you would have to learn IPA (the International Phonetic Alphabet), because quite a few German sounds just do not exist in English at all.
In IPA, I think it would be /by:çɐ/.
what is the possessive pronoun for es ? how can say " the kid eats his apple " ?
'her children reads books' hows that different to her children are reading books?!
So Ihr/Ihre = your, yours, her, hers, their, and theirs.
So when I say Ich trinke ihr Bier, the only one's beer you know I'm not drinking is his beer, my beer and your own private stash of beer. (that would be dein beer).
I guess having Ihr also mean his would be horribly confusing, unless of course there are more than one his in which case it makes perfect sense!