https://www.duolingo.com/jgierbo2

Gerunds

jgierbo2
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Regarding gerunds in Turkish, I have a few questions about the different suffixes mentioned in the Tips & Notes.

First of all, how can I use the -Iş suffix? From observation, it seems to me as if it is only used for an action whose agent is not particularly specified, an action in general. For example, "Parka gidiş" = "Going to the park". How can I use this type of gerunds in a complete sentence? I've also noted that sometimes it refers to the action the verb stem refers to.

Now, on to the second set of suffixes mentioned: -mA. How is this type of gerund different from the first one? Is it because for these gerunds the agent is specified?

For the last suffix, -mAk, why is it mostly infinitives? What are the exceptions?

I'm sorry if I seem to be asking too much. I'm just really curious and I haven't found much about this on the internet that I can understand as well as I have here on Duolingo. Thank you for your help! Teşekkür ederim!

3 years ago

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Ektoraskan

-iş and -me both create nouns. "-me" simply adds the meaning "the act of" or "the ...-ing"; while -iş gives a rather specific meaning. Observe:

Gelme - coming ; Geliş - arrival

Gitme - going ; Gidiş - departure

İnme - going down ; İniş - descent ;

Kaçma - fleeing ; Kaçış - escape

Görme - seeing ; Görüş - view

All of these are nouns and are fully declinable in all the cases.

I didn't understand your question about the -mak being mostly infinitive.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/jgierbo2
jgierbo2
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Thank you very much for the insight, Ektoraskan! My last question regarding -mAk is what the Gerunds Tips Notes mentions about this suffix: "the last one is mostly infinitives". Since it says "mostly infinitives", I'd like to know what the exceptions are, and why, if possible.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Ektoraskan

Hmm. I've just read the notes. I think what's meant there is "mek/mak" is usually translated to English with an infinitive (i.e., to-verb: to go, to eat, to sleep), rather than as a gerund (verb-ing: going, eating, sleeping). That's how I understand that statement.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/jgierbo2
jgierbo2
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Ok, thanks!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/AlexinNotTurkey
AlexinNotTurkey
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The exception of this would be something like "Gitmek bazen iyi" which could be "Going is sometimes good" or (if you want to sound poetic) "To go is sometimes good." :)

3 years ago
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