Regarding gerunds in Turkish, I have a few questions about the different suffixes mentioned in the Tips & Notes.
First of all, how can I use the -Iş suffix? From observation, it seems to me as if it is only used for an action whose agent is not particularly specified, an action in general. For example, "Parka gidiş" = "Going to the park". How can I use this type of gerunds in a complete sentence? I've also noted that sometimes it refers to the action the verb stem refers to.
Now, on to the second set of suffixes mentioned: -mA. How is this type of gerund different from the first one? Is it because for these gerunds the agent is specified?
For the last suffix, -mAk, why is it mostly infinitives? What are the exceptions?
I'm sorry if I seem to be asking too much. I'm just really curious and I haven't found much about this on the internet that I can understand as well as I have here on Duolingo. Thank you for your help! Teşekkür ederim!
-iş and -me both create nouns. "-me" simply adds the meaning "the act of" or "the ...-ing"; while -iş gives a rather specific meaning. Observe:
Gelme - coming ; Geliş - arrival
Gitme - going ; Gidiş - departure
İnme - going down ; İniş - descent ;
Kaçma - fleeing ; Kaçış - escape
Görme - seeing ; Görüş - view
All of these are nouns and are fully declinable in all the cases.
I didn't understand your question about the -mak being mostly infinitive.
Thank you very much for the insight, Ektoraskan! My last question regarding -mAk is what the Gerunds Tips Notes mentions about this suffix: "the last one is mostly infinitives". Since it says "mostly infinitives", I'd like to know what the exceptions are, and why, if possible.
Hmm. I've just read the notes. I think what's meant there is "mek/mak" is usually translated to English with an infinitive (i.e., to-verb: to go, to eat, to sleep), rather than as a gerund (verb-ing: going, eating, sleeping). That's how I understand that statement.
The exception of this would be something like "Gitmek bazen iyi" which could be "Going is sometimes good" or (if you want to sound poetic) "To go is sometimes good." :)