Regarding gerunds in Turkish, I have a few questions about the different suffixes mentioned in the Tips & Notes.
First of all, how can I use the -Iş suffix? From observation, it seems to me as if it is only used for an action whose agent is not particularly specified, an action in general. For example, "Parka gidiş" = "Going to the park". How can I use this type of gerunds in a complete sentence? I've also noted that sometimes it refers to the action the verb stem refers to.
Now, on to the second set of suffixes mentioned: -mA. How is this type of gerund different from the first one? Is it because for these gerunds the agent is specified?
For the last suffix, -mAk, why is it mostly infinitives? What are the exceptions?
I'm sorry if I seem to be asking too much. I'm just really curious and I haven't found much about this on the internet that I can understand as well as I have here on Duolingo. Thank you for your help! Teşekkür ederim!
-iş and -me both create nouns. "-me" simply adds the meaning "the act of" or "the ...-ing"; while -iş gives a rather specific meaning. Observe:
Gelme - coming ; Geliş - arrival
Gitme - going ; Gidiş - departure
İnme - going down ; İniş - descent ;
Kaçma - fleeing ; Kaçış - escape
Görme - seeing ; Görüş - view
All of these are nouns and are fully declinable in all the cases.
I didn't understand your question about the -mak being mostly infinitive.
Thank you very much for the insight, Ektoraskan! My last question regarding -mAk is what the Gerunds Tips Notes mentions about this suffix: "the last one is mostly infinitives". Since it says "mostly infinitives", I'd like to know what the exceptions are, and why, if possible.